Pelvic pain in the lower part of your abdomen and pelvis can be disabling. The most common origin is from the female reproductive organs such as the uterus & cervix, ovaries, tubes, and pelvic side walls.
If you develop sudden, severe pelvic pain, with or without vaginal bleeding, present yourself to the nearest hospital’s emergency department.
Pelvic pain can vary in its nature, depending on its site of origin. It can be constant, intermittent (off and on), or can be dull or sharp and vary in its intensity (mild, moderate or severe). Pelvic pain can sometimes radiate to your lower back, buttocks or thighs.
The pain can be exacerbated by certain activities or during certain periods. Women report pelvic pain with sexual activity, passing urine or opening bowels. One should always be wary of the pelvic pain in women who have had vaginal mesh surgeries for prolapse. Often, multiple pathologies can co-exist and may lead to chronic pelvic pain. These patients should be referred and evaluated by a gynaecologist at the earliest.
Sometimes, pelvic pain may arise from the digestive tract or may arise from ligaments and muscles of the pelvic floor. Rarely, irritation of pelvic nerves can also be the cause of pelvic pain. Gynaecological pathologies should always be ruled out.